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Tech Cities

The 22 cities at the forefront of global tech. To understand what makes them so successful we have analysed over 100 metrics for each city. This website shows a selection of these metrics, together with our findings.

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Images courtesy of NASA

Austin

  • 1
  • 6
  • 932k
  • 2.07m

Introduction

Austin ranks as the world's number one Tech City. IBM, Dell and AMD all have a long-established presence here, and today low taxes, favourable real estate costs and a strong entrepreneurial culture mean the Texan capital maintains a thriving and innovative start-up scene, with access to some of the world's top talent.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 62376
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 11.9m Austin
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 62.4
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 2.7 Austin
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.50 Austin
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 16
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 1.75 Austin
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.5
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 19%
    Austin
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 476
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1002 Austin
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 54 Austin
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 27 Austin
  • 34 Tech cities average

San Francisco

  • 2
  • 12
  • 865k
  • 4.7m

Introduction

San Francisco's tech credentials are almost too numerous to mention: Twitter, Airbnb, and Uber are just a fraction of the city’s success stories. A wide array of talent and a rich business ecosystem makes San Francisco a start-up magnet.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 97856
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 71m San Francisco
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 20.9
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 26.3 San Francisco
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.75 San Francisco
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 33
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 2.25 San Francisco
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.1
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 8%
    San Francisco
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 775
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1484 San Francisco
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 71 San Francisco
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 48 San Francisco
  • 34 Tech cities average

New York

  • 3
  • 7
  • 8.5m
  • 20.3m

Introduction

New York boasts a diverse range of talent from the financial and retail sectors to support its technological offering. Prices may be high, but the opportunities are great: world-renowned universities, a business-focused culture and global links make New York attractive for start-ups and multinationals alike.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 83470
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 126.7m New York
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 22.3
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 1.8 New York
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.60 New York
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 29
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 2.75 New York
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.1
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 5%
    New York
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 682
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1482 New York
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 81 New York
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 65 New York
  • 34 Tech cities average

Dublin

  • 12
  • 10
  • 528k
  • 1.8m

Introduction

Dublin offers a young, tech-savvy workforce and a host of big names including AirBnb, Apple and Facebook. A business-friendly, low tax environment may have drawn big players to the city, but it is the city’s legendry social scene that cemented its position as a major global tech player.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 65353
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 25m Dublin
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 17.3
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 1.1 Dublin
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.07 Dublin
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 26
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 2.98 Dublin
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.3
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 11%
    Dublin
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 397
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 862 Dublin
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 67 Dublin
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 20 Dublin
  • 34 Tech cities average

London

  • 4
  • 2
  • 8.7m
  • 15m

Introduction

As a global banking powerhouse, it's no surprise that London's also one of the world's financial technology capitals. Fintech disruptors TransferWise and Funding Circle began their journeys here, with many more expected to follow from East London's Silicon Roundabout. Excellent universities and proximity to Europe's busiest airport cement London's position as a Tech City.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 63739
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 153.5m London
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 18.6
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 1.0 London
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.32 London
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 29
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 3.32 London
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.3
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 11%
    London
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 489
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1981 London
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 94 London
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 67 London
  • 34 Tech cities average

Berlin

  • 9
  • 1
  • 3.6m
  • 4.3m

Introduction

Berlin has long enjoyed a status as a European capital of art and nightlife, and in recent years its relatively low real estate prices, reasonable cost of living and wealth of technological talent have helped position it as a centre for start-ups and entrepreneurs. SoundCloud, one of the city's biggest successes, typifies the Berliner approach: innovative, disruptive and all-encompassing.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 37328
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 29.5m Berlin
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 29.8
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.5 Berlin
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.30 Berlin
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 23
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 2.98 Berlin
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 0.9
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 1%
    Berlin
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 180
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 503 Berlin
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 25 Berlin
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 20 Berlin
  • 34 Tech cities average

Stockholm

  • 11
  • 15
  • 926k
  • 2.63m

Introduction

Stockholm is famous for its uncanny ability to produce billion-dollar "unicorns" – Spotify, Mojang and TrueCaller are just a few. It's a city that regularly punches well above its relatively low population of less than a million. It offers residents a high quality of life and enviable work-life balance.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 67084
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 27.4m Stockholm
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 32.4
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.6 Stockholm
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.65 Stockholm
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 20
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 3.80 Stockholm
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.2
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 9%
    Stockholm
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 280
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 855 Stockholm
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 59 Stockholm
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 32 Stockholm
  • 34 Tech cities average

Tel Aviv

  • 15
  • 20
  • 426k
  • 3.67m

Introduction

Israel's reputation as a cybersecurity and data analytics centre of excellence is rooted in Tel Aviv, where the so-called "Silicon Wadi" draws from a pool of home-grown talent in the military and banking sectors. With a vibrant and sophisticated start-up scene, Tel Aviv's influence has been helped along by the success of companies like Fiverr.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 37238
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 16.3m Tel Aviv
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 11.7
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 3.0 Tel Aviv
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.17 Tel Aviv
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 35
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 1.79 Tel Aviv
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.6
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 17%
    Tel Aviv
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 415
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1817 Tel Aviv
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 24 Tel Aviv
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 23 Tel Aviv
  • 34 Tech cities average

Singapore

  • 10
  • 9
  • 3.9m
  • 5.62m

Introduction

Singapore is rapidly becoming a world leader in Big Data – particularly after its government installed city-wide sensors collecting information on everything from traffic movements to crowd behaviour. The city-state's formidable financial sector and business-focused culture contribute to Singapore's reputation as a Tech City.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 52965
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 55.4m Singapore
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 27.4
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.5 Singapore
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.67 Singapore
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 35
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 1.33 Singapore
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.0
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 14%
    Singapore
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 488
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1450 Singapore
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 115 Singapore
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 84 Singapore
  • 34 Tech cities average

Hong Kong

  • 17
  • 22
  • 7.3m
  • 7.35m

Introduction

Hong Kong's startup ecosystem is relatively young, but growing: spurred by government funding from InvestHK, the city now has over 1,500 start-ups from foreign and home-grown entrepreneurs. While perhaps most famous for its financial credentials, Hong Kong's focus on ecommerce and information technology is helping to distinguish it from Asia's other Tech Cities.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 44562
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 68.5m Hong Kong
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 27.9
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.2 Hong Kong
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 4.51 Hong Kong
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 46
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 1.29 Hong Kong
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 0.9
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 6%
    Hong Kong
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 423
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 2150 Hong Kong
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 99 Hong Kong
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 32 Hong Kong
  • 34 Tech cities average

Seoul

  • 16
  • 19
  • 10.3m
  • 9.83m

Introduction

Seoul earned the title ‘Miracle on the Han River’ for its rapid transformation into a global economic hub. Tech runs in the city’s veins, with residents early adopters of new technology with a particular emphasis on mobile. South Korea is the world’s most R&D intensive country, yielding more patents per capita than any other.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 33156
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 72.4m Seoul
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 17.8
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.04 Seoul
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 4.50 Seoul
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 40
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 1.09 Seoul
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.1
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • -1%
    Seoul
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 153
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 600 Seoul
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 38 Seoul
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 15 Seoul
  • 34 Tech cities average

Seattle

  • 13
  • 16
  • 684k
  • 3.76m

Introduction

As the corporate headquarters of both Amazon and Microsoft (in Redmond), the region has a lot to offer – and there's plenty more activity in the pipeline, with Expedia recently announcing that it will relocate to the Elliott Bay campus in 2019. Google, Facebook, Twitter, Dropbox, SpaceX and many others have opened engineering offices in the city.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 87734
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 42.3m Seattle
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 25.4
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 3.1 Seattle
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.50 Seattle
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 41
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 2.75 Seattle
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.2
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 15%
    Seattle
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 441
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1316 Seattle
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 41 Seattle
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 27 Seattle
  • 34 Tech cities average

Toronto

  • 6
  • 5
  • 2.8m
  • 6.24m

Introduction

Toronto's start-up scene is booming, with around 3,000 ventures currently active and a number of Canada's home-grown heavy hitters, including Shopify, Hootsuite and Kik, maintaining a presence in the city. Ranking highly for quality of life, North America’s fourth largest city has a bright future ahead as one of the world's tech cities.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 44907
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 43.4m Toronto
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 20.9
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 1.1 Toronto
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 2.48 Toronto
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 40
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 2.30 Toronto
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.0
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 16%
    Toronto
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 334
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 968 Toronto
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 25 Toronto
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 33 Toronto
  • 34 Tech cities average

Boston

  • 8
  • 18
  • 667k
  • 4.8m

Introduction

California may get all the glory, but the USA's East Coast isn't far behind when it comes to tech. Though pharma and biotech have traditionally been Massachusetts' big hi-tech industries, ecommerce, gaming and travel are also well-represented. Both Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg began their student lives in the Boston area – and lately, graduates have been sticking around to grow their companies instead of heading West.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 87308
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 39.1m Boston
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 21.4
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 5.8 Boston
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 3.37 Boston
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 35
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 2.50 Boston
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.1
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 7%
    Boston
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 493
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1400 Boston
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 72 Boston
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 33 Boston
  • 34 Tech cities average

Amsterdam

  • 5
  • 4
  • 840k
  • 1.49m

Introduction

The famously creative, bohemian capital is also home to a thriving tech scene. Scoring highly for both wellness and city buzz, and having the unique advantage of an almost completely bilingual culture (around 90% speak English and Dutch), Amsterdam has much to recommend it as one of Europe's major tech hubs.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 69752
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 58.3m Amsterdam
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 8.6
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 1.3 Amsterdam
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 2.47 Amsterdam
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 29
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 3.20 Amsterdam
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.2
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 5%
    Amsterdam
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 275
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 1315 Amsterdam
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 34 Amsterdam
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 21 Amsterdam
  • 34 Tech cities average

Copenhagen

  • 7
  • 11
  • 591k
  • 2.12m

Introduction

Copenhagen's tech start-up scene has accelerated rapidly and already given birth to a few big successes: online takeaway giant Just Eat has its roots in a Danish basement. The city tops our ‘wellness’ ranking. The concept of ‘hygge’, the Danish way of making everyday living extraordinary, epitomises this.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 64692
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 29.2m Copenhagen
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 19.2
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.8 Copenhagen
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 4.33 Copenhagen
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 37
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 3.56 Copenhagen
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.1
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 5%
    Copenhagen
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 380
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 982 Copenhagen
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 17 Copenhagen
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 21 Copenhagen
  • 34 Tech cities average

Bengaluru

  • 20
  • 21
  • 9.8m
  • 9.78m

Introduction

Bengalaru (formerly known as Bangalore) has enjoyed a status as India's leading tech city since the 1970s, when a 330-acre industrial park was created to house the city's electronics factories. The tradition continues today: around two-fifths of India's IT and software exports come from Bengalaru, and the city's low labour costs and wealth of technical talent make it particularly attractive for outside investment.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 4368
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 18.1m Bengaluru
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 3.9
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.4 Bengaluru
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 1.35 Bengaluru
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 47
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 0.31 Bengaluru
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 2.8
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 28%
    Bengaluru
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 236
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 911 Bengaluru
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 12 Bengaluru
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 20 Bengaluru
  • 34 Tech cities average

Tokyo

  • 18
  • 3
  • 13.6m
  • 37.1m

Introduction

Perhaps the world's first truly high-tech city, Tokyo's dominance has waxed and waned over the years, but it remains a formidable player in the worlds of electronics and software. Open Network Lab, which provides a seed accelerator programme for Tokyo's start-ups, launched in 2010 and is currently in its 14th wave of funding, having fostered a number of Japanese success stories including Dreampass and AnyPerk.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 34959
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 110.1m Tokyo
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 10.7
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.04 Tokyo
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 4.02 Tokyo
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 24
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 1.87 Tokyo
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 0.9
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 0%
    Tokyo
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 327
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 2661 Tokyo
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 125 Tokyo
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 75 Tokyo
  • 34 Tech cities average

Melbourne

  • 14
  • 8
  • 4.5m
  • 4.64m

Introduction

Melbourne frequently jostles for status with Sydney, and both cities have a decent claim to being Australia's premier tech city. However, Melbourne’s lower living and real estate costs, coupled with an enviable quality of life have made it a magnet for tech talent. It is this attractiveness that will see Melbourne’s population overtake Sydney’s in the coming decades.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 45874
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 32.3m Melbourne
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 10.1
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.2 Melbourne
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 2.62 Melbourne
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 19
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 2.84 Melbourne
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.4
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 20%
    Melbourne
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 306
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 781 Melbourne
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 45 Melbourne
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 34 Melbourne
  • 34 Tech cities average

Cape Town

  • 22
  • 13
  • 3.7m
  • 3.99m

Introduction

One of Africa's most popular tourist destinations is now also one of its hottest tech environments, aided by initiatives such as French Tech's recently-launched incubator in Century City – with another one scheduled to appear in Johannesburg. Known as the "digital gateway to Africa", the Western Cape is home to four top universities, and some 59% of South Africa's start-ups are born here.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 8735
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 9.7m Cape Town
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 2.4
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.1 Cape Town
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 1.78 Cape Town
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 35
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 0.77 Cape Town
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 2.2
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 6%
    Cape Town
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 193
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 840 Cape Town
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 13 Cape Town
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 7 Cape Town
  • 34 Tech cities average

Buenos Aires

  • 21
  • 14
  • 2.9m
  • 14.6m

Introduction

Buenos Aires may be known for its party atmosphere, but a tech start-up environment is also taking hold – spurred on by the city's many highly-rated universities and an increased appetite for venture capital funding. Despite Argentina's troubled economy and political situation, Buenos Aires has emerged as a key player in renewable energy and aerospace technology.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 15285
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 8.6m Buenos Aires
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 6.7
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.2 Buenos Aires
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 2.50 Buenos Aires
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 38
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 0.43 Buenos Aires
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.5
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 10%
    Buenos Aires
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 184
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 374 Buenos Aires
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 28 Buenos Aires
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 21 Buenos Aires
  • 34 Tech cities average

Santiago

  • 19
  • 17
  • 6.2m
  • 7.36m

Introduction

Santiago's "Chilecon Valley" contains a relatively new, but fast-developing tech ecosystem supported by grants from the Chilean government. Its innovative programmes include The S Factory, an accelerator designed for female entrepreneurs. As Chile seeks to reduce its reliance on copper mining, Santiago is helping the country reposition itself as South America's new tech hub.

All city metric comparison

We have looked at five strands which help to explain the success of our Tech Cities, ranging from business conditions and tech environment through to the quality of life and cost of accommodation. All of the metrics identified have been rated and weighted to give our overall tech city ranking.

Overall Rankings

  • Business environment
  • Tech environment
  • Buzz and Wellness
  • Talent pool
  • Real estate costs

Find out more at http://www.savills.com/techcities

Business environment

Selected metrics displayed

This comprises investment environment, business costs and regulations, start-up culture, R&D and innovation, and linkages with other cities.

City GDP per Capita

  • 15880
  • 51119

Annual passengers across city airports

  • 17.3m Santiago
  • 48.5m Tech cities average

Tech environment

Selected metrics displayed

Tech environment assesses digital infrastructure, broadband networks and consumer engagement.

Broadband download speed (MBPS)

  • 9.1
  • 19.4

Start ups per 1000 people

  • 0.1 Santiago
  • 2.3 Tech cities average

Buzz and Wellness

Selected metrics displayed

How healthy and vibrant is this city? Wellness looks at factors like pollution levels, quality of parks, crime, healthcare and pay equality, while City Buzz considers the entertainment, nightlife, retail and cultural experiences on offer.

City Buzz: Cost of a flat white

Good coffee's important in the tech world! The Flat White Index considers a city's café culture: in other words, how easy it is to get a decent brew and free WiFi for on-the go work and networking.

  • 2.55 Santiago
  • 3.23 Tech cities average

Wellness: Tech commute (average commute in minutes by employees working in key tech districts)

  • 31
  • 32

Cost of living: Transport Cost (one way ticket on local transport)

  • 1.07 Santiago
  • 2.13 Tech cities average

Talent Pool

Selected metrics displayed

A city's youthfulness, tech education credentials and ability to attract talent all contribute to its talent pool.

Millennial to boomer ratio (Millennials: 15 to 34 year olds, boomers: 50 to 69 year olds)

  • 1.5
  • 1.3

Population growth forecast 2016-2026

  • 9%
    Santiago
  • 10 %
    Tech cities average

Real Estate Costs

Selected metrics displayed

Office and residential prices are combined for the overall real estate costs bracket. Figures in USD.

Mainstream weekly residential rent (for tech employees and household)

  • 175
  • 368

Prime weekly residential rent (for tech employees + household)

  • 584 Santiago
  • 1196 Tech cities average

Established tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 26 Santiago
  • 53 Tech cities average

Scale-up tech firm office rent (per square foot)

  • 21 Santiago
  • 34 Tech cities average